-Full-Year Net Revenue +17.7% Y/Y; Operating Income +42.8% Y/Y; Net Income +172.7% Y/Y

-Generated Full-Year Organic Volume Growth Across Materials Lines of Business

-Completed Three New Acquisitions YTD 2018, Representing Total Invested Capital of $120 million

-Federal Tax Reform Reduces Estimated Tax Receivable Agreement Liability By $217 million

-No Significant TRA Payments Expected For Eight Years Until 2026 vs. Pre-Federal Tax Reform Estimate of 2020

-Introducing 2018 Adjusted EBITDA Guidance Range of $490 million to $510 million

DENVER--()--Summit Materials, Inc. (NYSE: SUM, “Summit” or the “Company”), a leading vertically integrated construction materials company, today announced results for the fourth quarter and full-year 2017.

For the three months ended December 30, 2017, the Company reported diluted net income per share of $0.38 on net income of $43.0 million, compared to a diluted loss per share of ($0.00) on a net loss of ($0.3) million in the prior year period. On an adjusted diluted basis, the Company reported net income before tax related adjustments of $49.1 million, or $0.43 per share, compared to net income before tax related adjustments of $6.1 million, or $0.06 per share, in the prior year period. Operating income increased by 17.5% to $57.3 million in the fourth quarter 2017, versus $48.8 million in the prior year period.

For the year-ended December 30, 2017, the Company reported diluted net income per share of $1.11 on net income of $121.8 million, compared to diluted net income per share of $0.52 on net income of $36.8 million in the prior year period. On an adjusted diluted basis, the Company reported net income before tax-related adjustments of $130.6 million, or $1.16 per share, compared to net income before tax-related adjustments of $83.4 million, or $0.81 per share, in the prior year period. Operating income increased by 42.8% to $220.9 million in the full-year 2017, versus $154.7 million in the prior year period.

“Our team delivered exceptional full-year results that exceeded the high-end of our Adjusted EBITDA guidance range,” stated Tom Hill, CEO of Summit Materials. “We generated significant year-over-year growth in net revenue, operating income and net income last year, as supported by the completion of 14 materials-based acquisitions, together with sustained organic growth in our materials lines of business. Full-year Adjusted EBITDA increased 17.4% on a year-over-year basis, driven by improvements across all three reporting segments. Organic growth contributed more than 20% of the overall year-over-year improvement in Adjusted EBITDA.”

“We have continued to experience broad-based demand for heavy materials across our business,” continued Hill. “Organic sales volumes of aggregates increased 3.4% in 2017, versus a decline of 5.5% in 2016, driven by improvements in our West Segment. Organic sales volumes of cement increased 5.8% in 2017, driven by increased demand in our Mississippi River markets north of St. Louis. While organic average selling prices for aggregates were consistent with the prior year, on a mix-adjusted basis, aggregates prices increased approximately 3.0%, while organic cement prices increased 3.3%.”

“Adjusted cash gross margins in our materials lines of business increased significantly from the prior year, driven by a combination of organic price and volume growth,” noted Hill. “Aggregates adjusted cash gross profit margin increased by 330 basis points year-over-year to 65.3%, while cement adjusted cash gross profit margin increased by 190 basis points year-over-year to a 47.1%.”

“Despite strength in materials margins, our overall adjusted gross profit margin was flat on a year-over-year basis due to a 200 basis point decline in products margins,” continued Hill. “The year-over-year decline in product margins was mainly attributable to lower sales volumes of ready-mix-concrete in Texas due to the impact of Hurricane Harvey and soft public spending in Kansas,” continued Hill.

“Since January 2018, we have completed three bolt-on acquisitions in Texas, Utah and Missouri for total invested capital of $120 million,” continued Hill. “All three of these materials-based transactions further establish our existing presence in growing markets characterized by favorable long-term demographic trends. Looking ahead, we currently have several materials-based, bolt-on transactions currently in diligence that we expect will close in the near future.”

“While the U.S. continues to enjoy one of the longest periods of economic expansion on record, our regional private markets show no indications of slowing,” stated Hill. “Houston, Salt Lake City and Las Vegas – three of Summit’s largest housing markets - reported that full-year 2017 single family home sales were, on average, 50% below the prior peak, while months of housing inventory was, on average, 75% below the prior peak, the combination of which we believe indicates room for additional growth. On the non-residential side of our business, we continue to experience strong demand for commercial storage, fulfillment centers, healthcare facilities, educational institutions and transportation hubs, along with the low-rise commercial infrastructure required to support the growing residential communities we serve.”

“Within our public markets, we anticipate the impact of recently passed state funding measures, coupled with continued federal investment in transportation infrastructure through the FAST Act, will help to support ratable increases in road and highway investments,” continued Hill. “In Texas, a market that represented more than 20% of our total revenue last year, the state Department of Transportation has forecasted that infrastructure funding will increase by more than 50% between fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2020, an exciting opportunity that stands to benefit our operating companies in the region.”

“For the full-year 2018, we currently anticipate Adjusted EBITDA will be in the range of $490 million to $510 million, which includes contributions from three transactions completed on a year-to-date basis,” stated Hill. “As we complete additional acquisitions throughout the year, we intend to adjust this range accordingly. We have strong momentum entering 2018, given opportunities for continued organic growth in our existing base of assets, together with favorable underlying demand conditions in our private and public end-markets.”

“At year-end 2017, we had record available liquidity on our balance sheet with which to support a combination of organic and acquisition-related growth,” stated Brian Harris, CFO of Summit Materials. “As of December 30, 2017, we had $602.5 million in cash and availability under our revolving credit facility, up from $352.1 million at year-end 2016. Net leverage was 3.4x exiting the year, versus 3.9x in the prior year period, given our continued focus on disciplined capital management,” concluded Harris.

“The recent passage of comprehensive federal tax reform legislation is a positive development for our business,” continued Harris. “As a result of this legislation, we estimate that our Tax Receivable Agreement ('TRA') liability has been reduced by approximately 40% to $332 million. Further, due to the extension of bonus depreciation provision included in the federal tax reform legislation, we anticipate future cash payments to former LP unit holders under the terms of the TRA will be further deferred, with no significant cash payments until 2026, while expecting to continue to pay no federal income taxes for the foreseeable future. We believe the passage of this legislation will provide a measurable long-term benefit to our free cash flow, as $217 million in future cash payments that would have been paid to pre-IPO investors can instead be invested back into the business.”

Full-Year 2017 | Financial Performance

Net revenue increased by 17.7% to $1,752.4 million in the full-year 2017, versus $1,488.3 million in the prior year. The improvement in net revenue was primarily attributable to acquisition-related contributions, increased organic sales volumes of cement, aggregates and asphalt, together with increased organic selling prices on cement and ready-mix concrete. Operating income increased by 42.8% to $220.9 million in the full-year 2017, compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA increased 17.4% year-over-year to $435.8 million, versus $371.3 million in the prior year.

West Segment: Operating income increased 29.5% to $130.3 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 21.6% to $203.6 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 22.6% in the full-year 2017, versus 22.7% in the prior-year period. Year-over-year organic improvements in sales volumes of aggregates and asphalt, together with acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were partially offset by lower organic declines in average selling prices on aggregates.

East Segment: Operating income increased by 3.5% to $67.7 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 10.4% to $139.1 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin declined to 25.4% in the full-year 2017, versus 26.8% in the prior year. Year-over-year organic improvements in average selling prices on aggregates and asphalt, improved organic sales volumes of asphalt, together with acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were offset by a sales volume decline in aggregates and ready-mix concrete.

Cement Segment: Operating income increased 8.3% to $89.4 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 12.9% to $127.5 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 42.0% in the full-year 2017, versus 40.2% in the prior year. A year-over-year increase in average selling prices, organic sales volumes, improved production efficiencies and cost reductions all contributed to improved results.

Fourth Quarter 2017 | Financial Performance

Net revenue increased by 13.7% to $440.6 million in the fourth quarter 2017, versus $387.4 million in the prior year period. The improvement in net revenue was primarily attributable to acquisition-related contributions, increased organic sales volumes of aggregates and asphalt, together with increased organic selling prices on cement, aggregates, ready-mix concrete and asphalt. Operating income increased by 17.5% to $57.3 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased 12.0% year-over-year to $114.2 million, versus $102.0 million in the prior year period.

West Segment: Operating income increased 35.3% to $30.2 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 27.2% to $50.7 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 22.6% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 22.4% in the prior-year period. Year-over-year organic improvements in sales volumes of aggregates and asphalt, higher organic average selling prices on aggregates and ready-mix concrete and acquisition-related EBITDA contributions were partially offset by lower organic sales volumes of ready-mix concrete.

East Segment: Operating income increased by 36.7% to $21.2 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 11.2% to $39.6 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 27.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 27.1% in the prior year period. Year-over-year organic improvements in sales volumes of aggregates and improved average selling prices on asphalt, together with acquisition-related EBITDA contributions, were offset by a sales volume decline in ready-mix concrete and asphalt, in addition to lower average selling prices for ready-mix concrete.

Cement Segment: Operating income increased 1.5% to $25.8 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 0.2% to $34.2 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 45.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 43.8% in the prior year period. A year-over-year increase in average selling prices, improved production efficiencies and cost reductions were offset by an organic year-over-year decline in sales volumes of cement during October and November 2017, due mainly to adverse weather conditions.

Full-Year 2017 | Results by Line of Business

Aggregates Business: Aggregates net revenue increased by 18.4% to $313.4 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Aggregates adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to 65.3% in the full-year 2017, versus 62.0% in the prior year. Organic aggregates sales volumes increased 3.4% in the full-year 2017, due mainly to increased demand in Utah, Vancouver, Austin, Northeast Texas and additional markets in the southeast. Organic aggregates average selling prices declined 0.1% in the full-year 2017, mainly in the West Segment. On a mix-adjusted basis, aggregates average selling prices increased 2.9% in the full-year 2017, versus the prior-year.

Cement Business: Cement segment net revenue increased 8.1% to $303.8 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Cement adjusted cash gross profit margin was 47.1% in the full-year 2017, versus 45.2% in the prior-year. Organic sales volumes and average selling prices on cement increased 5.8% and 3.3%, respectively, when compared to the prior year. Strong regional demand in the Company’s northern markets drove organic volume growth throughout most of the year, while continued organic growth in sales prices was attributable to a previously announced annual price increase that became effective January 1, 2017.

Products Business: Net revenue increased 20.7% to $854.5 million in the full-year 2017, when compared to the prior year. Products adjusted cash gross profit margin declined to 24.6% in the full-year 2017, versus 26.6% in the prior year. Organic sales volumes of ready-mix concrete declined 2.3%, versus the prior year, due mainly to disruptions related to Hurricane Harvey in Houston and soft public spending in Kansas. Organic sales volumes of asphalt increased 10.9%, versus the prior year, given broad-based strength across all major platform markets.

Fourth Quarter 2017 | Results by Line of Business

Aggregates Business: Aggregates net revenue increased by 21.4% to $76.9 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Aggregates adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to 70.5% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 63.7% in the prior year period. Organic aggregates sales volumes increased 3.5% in the fourth quarter 2017, due mainly to increased demand in Utah, Vancouver, Austin, Northeast Texas and Virginia. Organic aggregates average selling prices increased less than 1% in the fourth quarter 2017, given broad-based growth in average selling prices in the West Segment.

Cement Business: Cement segment net revenue declined 4.4% to $74.5 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior-year period. Cement adjusted cash gross profit margin increased to 49.9% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 47.9% in the prior-year period. Organic sales volumes declined 5.5% in the fourth quarter 2017, while organic average selling prices increased 2.5%, when compared to the prior-year period. Organic sales volumes of cement declined on a year-over-year basis during October and November 2017, due to adverse weather conditions, but increased on a year-over-year basis in December 2017.

Products Business: Net revenue increased 19.1% to $215.9 million in the fourth quarter 2017, when compared to the prior year period. Products adjusted cash gross profit margin declined to 23.7% in the fourth quarter 2017, versus 26.1% in the prior year period. Organic sales volumes of ready-mix concrete declined 5.5%, versus the prior year period, due mainly to disruptions related to Hurricane Harvey in Houston and soft public spending in Kansas. Organic sales volumes of asphalt increased 7.6%, given strength in the Utah and Austin markets.

Impact of Federal Tax Reform

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) was passed by both houses of Congress and signed into law by President Trump in late December 2017.

Following the passage of the TCJA, Summit has determined that a lower statutory tax rate will reduce the value of the Company’s deferred tax assets. Accordingly, the amount of our estimated liability under the Tax Receivable Agreement the Company is required to pay is also reduced. The Company estimates its TRA liability has been reduced by $217 million from approximately $549 million before tax reform to $332 million post tax reform.

Further, the Company estimates that, as a result of the extended bonus depreciation provision outlined within the TCJA, taxable income will be lower in future years. Accordingly, the amount of tax receivable payments that the Company is obligated to pay will both be reduced and delayed to future years. Prior to tax reform, the Company estimated that its first TRA payment to former LP unit holders would commence in 2020. Following the passage of tax reform, the Company estimates that its first cash payment to former LP unit holders will commence in 2026.

Summit Materials expects that it will not pay federal income tax for the foreseeable future following the enactment of the TCJA.

Acquisition Program Update

In the full-year 2017, the company completed 14 acquisitions for a combined purchase price of approximately $420 million. With more than 60 transactions completed since 2009, Summit has continued to consolidate quality, materials-based assets in what remains a fragmented industry, bringing the benefits of scale to smaller private operations, while creating significant value for shareholders.

Since January 1, 2018, the Company has completed three materials-based acquisitions. The combined purchase price across the three transactions was approximately $120 million.

Metro Ready Mix (Wasatch Front, Utah). Metro Ready Mix is an aggregates and ready-mix concrete company that both expands and complements Summit’s vertically integrated position in the Salt Lake City market. Summit closed on its acquisition of Metro Ready Mix in January 2018.

Price Construction Company (West Texas). Price Construction is an aggregates, asphalt, paving and construction services company that expands Summit’s footprint in the West Texas region, while creating a fully integrated aggregates, ready-mix concrete and paving services platform in the growing Midland-Odessa market. Summit closed on its acquisition of Price in January 2018.

Mertens Construction Company (Central Missouri). Mertens Construction Company is a pure-play aggregates business with extensive reserves that geographically expand Summit's existing position in Central Missouri. Summit closed on its acquisition of Mertens in January 2018.

Liquidity / Capital Resources

At December 31, 2017, the Company had cash on hand of $383.6 million and borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility of $218.9 million. The borrowing capacity on the revolving credit facility is fully available to the Company within the terms and covenant requirements of its credit agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $1.8 billion in debt outstanding.

Financial Guidance / Outlook

For the full-year 2018, the Company is introducing Adjusted EBITDA guidance in a range of $490 million to $510 million. This guidance range includes the impact of all three acquisitions that have been completed on a year-to-date 2018 basis. No additional potential acquisitions are included within the Company’s full-year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA guidance.

For the full-year 2018, the Company is introducing capital expenditure guidance in a range of $210 million to $225 million. The Company estimates approximately 46% of 2018 capital expenditures will be directed toward investments in organic growth and development, up from 28% in 2017.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Summit Materials will conduct a conference call today at 11:00 a.m. eastern time (9:00 a.m. mountain time) to review the Company’s fourth quarter and full-year 2017 financial results. A webcast of the conference call and accompanying presentation materials will be available in the Investors section of Summit’s website at investors.summit-materials.com. To listen to a live broadcast, go to the site at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time in order to register, download, and install any necessary audio software.

To participate in the live teleconference:

Domestic Live:         1-877-407-0784
International Live:         1-201-689-8560
Conference ID:         86972581
 

To listen to a replay of the teleconference, which will be available through March 14, 2018:

Domestic Replay:         1-844-512-2921
International Replay:         1-412-317-6671
Conference ID:         13675346
 

About Summit Materials

Summit Materials is a leading vertically integrated materials-based company that supplies aggregates, cement, ready-mix concrete and asphalt in the United States and British Columbia, Canada. Summit is a geographically diverse, materials-based business of scale that offers customers a single-source provider of construction materials and related downstream products in the public infrastructure, residential and non-residential end markets. Summit has a strong track record of successful acquisitions since inception and continues to pursue growth opportunities in new and existing markets. For more information about Summit Materials, please visit www.summit-materials.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regulates the use of “non-GAAP financial measures,” such as Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted Cash Gross Profit, Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin, Free Cash Flow and Net Leverage which are derived on the basis of methodologies other than in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). We have provided these measures because, among other things, we believe that they provide investors with additional information to measure our performance, evaluate our ability to service our debt and evaluate certain flexibility under our restrictive covenants. Our Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and Adjusted Cash Gross Profit may vary from the use of such terms by others and should not be considered as alternatives to or more important than net income (loss), operating income (loss), revenue or any other performance measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP as measures of operating performance or to cash flows as measures of liquidity.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and other non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under U.S. GAAP. Some of the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA are that these measures do not reflect: (i) our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments; (ii) changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs; (iii) interest expense or cash requirements necessary to service interest and principal payments on our debt; and (iv) income tax payments we are required to make. Because of these limitations, we rely primarily on our U.S. GAAP results and use Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and other non-GAAP measures on a supplemental basis.

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted Cash Gross Profit, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS and Free Cash Flow reflect additional ways of viewing aspects of our business that, when viewed with our GAAP results and the accompanying reconciliations to U.S. GAAP financial measures included in the tables attached to this press release, may provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business. We strongly encourage investors to review our consolidated financial statements in their entirety and not rely on any single financial measure. Reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures used in this press release are included in the attached tables. Because GAAP financial measures on a forward-looking basis are not accessible, and reconciling information is not available without unreasonable effort, we have not provided reconciliations for forward-looking non-GAAP measures. For the same reasons, we are unable to address the probable significance of the unavailable information, which could be material to future results.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include all statements that do not relate solely to historical or current facts, and you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “intends,” “trends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “projects” or “anticipates” or similar expressions that concern our strategy, plans, expectations or intentions. All statements made relating to our estimated and projected earnings, margins, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates and financial results are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, it is very difficult to predict the effect of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans will be realized. Important factors could affect our results and could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements, including but not limited to the factors discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Summit Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 (the “Annual Report”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), any factors discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” of this report and the following:

  • our dependence on the construction industry and the strength of the local economies in which we operate;
  • the cyclical nature of our business;
  • risks related to weather and seasonality;
  • risks associated with our capital-intensive business;
  • competition within our local markets;
  • our ability to execute on our acquisition strategy, successfully integrate acquisitions with our existing operations and retain key employees of acquired businesses;
  • our dependence on securing and permitting aggregate reserves in strategically located areas;
  • declines in public infrastructure construction and delays or reductions in governmental funding, including the funding by transportation authorities and other state agencies;
  • environmental, health, safety and climate change laws or governmental requirements or policies concerning zoning and land use;
  • conditions in the credit markets;
  • our ability to accurately estimate the overall risks, requirements or costs when we bid on or negotiate contracts that are ultimately awarded to us;
  • material costs and losses as a result of claims that our products do not meet regulatory requirements or contractual specifications;
  • cancellation of a significant number of contracts or our disqualification from bidding for new contracts;
  • special hazards related to our operations that may cause personal injury or property damage not covered by insurance;
  • our substantial current level of indebtedness;
  • our dependence on senior management and other key personnel; and
  • interruptions in our information technology systems and infrastructure.

All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.

Any forward-looking statement that we make herein speaks only as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations

($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
      Three months ended     Year ended
      December 30,   December 31,     December 30,   December 31,
      2017   2016     2017   2016
      (unaudited)   (unaudited)     (audited)   (audited)
Revenue:                            
Product     $ 361,637     $ 315,329       $ 1,449,936     $ 1,223,008  
Service       78,973       72,060         302,473       265,266  
Net revenue       440,610       387,389         1,752,409       1,488,274  
Delivery and subcontract revenue       49,414       35,584         180,166       137,789  
Total revenue       490,024       422,973         1,932,575       1,626,063  
Cost of revenue (excluding items shown separately below):                            
Product       220,420       192,126         898,281       751,419  
Service       48,922       46,334         203,330       182,584  
Net cost of revenue       269,342       238,460         1,101,611       934,003  
Delivery and subcontract cost       49,414       35,584         180,166       137,789  
Total cost of revenue       318,756       274,044         1,281,777       1,071,792  
General and administrative expenses       66,941       58,556         242,670       243,512  
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion       45,762       40,105         179,518       149,300  
Transaction costs       1,259       1,507         7,733       6,797  
Operating income       57,306       48,761         220,877       154,662  
Interest expense       28,673       25,069         108,549       97,536  

Loss on debt financings

      4,625               4,815        
Tax receivable agreement (benefit) expense       (232,261 )     14,938         271,016       14,938  
Other (income) expense, net       (1,340 )     91         (5,303 )     1,361  
Income (loss) from operations before taxes       257,609       8,663         (158,200 )     40,827  
Income tax expense (benefit)       213,099       2,614         (283,977 )     (5,299 )
Net income       44,510       6,049         125,777       46,126  
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries             (41 )       (27 )     16  
Net income attributable to Summit Holdings (1)       1,500       6,380         3,974       9,327  
Net income (loss) attributable to Summit Inc.     $ 43,010     $ (290 )     $ 121,830     $ 36,783  
Income per share of Class A common stock:                            
Basic     $ 0.39     $ (0.00 )     $ 1.12     $ 0.52  
Diluted     $ 0.38     $ (0.00 )     $ 1.11     $ 0.52  
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock:                            
Basic       110,128,357       88,797,701         108,696,438       70,355,042  
Diluted       111,723,427       88,797,701         109,490,898       70,838,508  
 

________________________

(1)   Represents portion of business owned by pre-IPO investors rather than by Summit.
     
     
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
      2017     2016
Assets                
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents     $ 383,556     $ 143,392  
Accounts receivable, net       198,330       162,377  
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings       9,512       7,450  
Inventories       184,439       157,679  
Other current assets       7,764       12,800  
Total current assets       783,601       483,698  
Property, plant and equipment       1,615,424       1,446,452  
Goodwill       1,036,320       782,212  
Intangible assets       16,833       17,989  
Deferred tax assets       284,092       4,326  
Other assets       51,063       46,789  
Total assets     $ 3,787,333     $ 2,781,466  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity                
Current liabilities:                
Current portion of debt     $ 4,765     $ 6,500  
Current portion of acquisition-related liabilities       14,087       24,162  
Accounts payable       98,744       81,565  
Accrued expenses       116,629       111,605  
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings       15,750       15,456  
Total current liabilities       249,975       239,288  
Long-term debt       1,810,833       1,514,456  
Acquisition-related liabilities       58,135       32,664  
Tax receivable agreement liability       331,340       58,145  
Other noncurrent liabilities       65,329       76,874  
Total liabilities       2,515,612       1,921,427  
                 
Stockholders’ equity:                
Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 110,350,594 and 96,033,222 shares issued and outstanding as of December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively       1,104       961  
Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 250,000,000 shares authorized, 100 shares issued and outstanding as of December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016              
Additional paid-in capital       1,154,220       824,304  
Accumulated earnings       95,833       19,028  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)       7,386       (2,249 )
Stockholders’ equity       1,258,543       842,044  
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries             1,378  
Noncontrolling interest in Summit Holdings       13,178       16,617  
Total stockholders’ equity       1,271,721       860,039  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity     $ 3,787,333     $ 2,781,466  
                   
                   
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

($ in thousands)

 
      2017     2016
Cash flow from operating activities:                
Net income     $ 125,777       $ 46,126  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion       193,107         160,633  
Share-based compensation expense       21,140         49,940  
Net gain on asset disposals       (7,638 )       (3,102 )
Non-cash loss on debt financings       3,856          
Change in deferred tax asset, net       (289,219 )       (4,263 )
Other       (2,359 )       (1,282 )
(Increase) decrease in operating assets, net of acquisitions:                
Accounts receivable, net       (3,720 )       2,511  
Inventories       (18,609 )       (10,297 )
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings       (1,825 )       (2,684 )
Other current assets       8,703         (5,518 )
Other assets       (3,103 )       (2,350 )
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities, net of acquisitions:                
Accounts payable       6,192         (5,751 )
Accrued expenses       (7,006 )       13,196  
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings       109         700  
Tax receivable agreement liability       273,194         58,145  
Other liabilities       (6,416 )       (51,141 )
Net cash provided by operating activities       292,183         244,863  
Cash flow from investing activities:                
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired       (374,930 )       (336,958 )
Purchases of property, plant and equipment       (194,146 )       (153,483 )
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment       17,072         16,868  
Other       (471 )       2,921  
Net cash used for investing activities       (552,475 )       (470,652 )
Cash flow from financing activities:                
Proceeds from equity offerings       237,600          
Capital issuance costs       (627 )       (136 )
Proceeds from debt issuances       302,000         354,000  
Debt issuance costs       (6,416 )       (5,801 )
Payments on debt       (16,438 )       (120,702 )
Purchase of noncontrolling interests       (532 )       -  
Payments on acquisition-related liabilities       (34,650 )       (32,040 )
Distributions from partnership       (1,974 )       (13,034 )
Proceeds from stock option exercises       21,661         440  
Other       (869 )       (20 )
Net cash provided by financing activities       499,755         182,707  
Impact of foreign currency on cash       701         69  
Net increase (decrease) in cash       240,164         (43,013 )
Cash and cash equivalents—beginning of period       143,392         186,405  
Cash and cash equivalents—end of period     $ 383,556       $ 143,392  
                     
                     
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Revenue Data by Segment and Line of Business

($ in thousands)

 
      Three months ended     Year ended
      December 30,   December 31,     December 30,   December 31,
      2017   2016     2017   2016
                                     
Segment Net Revenue:                                    
West     $ 224,318     $ 178,085       $ 899,992     $ 736,573  
East       141,817       131,385         548,604       470,614  
Cement       74,475       77,919         303,813       281,087  
Net Revenue     $ 440,610     $ 387,389       $ 1,752,409     $ 1,488,274  
                                     
Line of Business - Net Revenue:                                    
Materials                                    
Aggregates     $ 76,946     $ 63,392       $ 313,383     $ 264,609  
Cement (1)       68,798       70,691         282,041       250,349  
Products       215,893       181,246         854,512       708,050  
Total Materials and Products       361,637       315,329         1,449,936       1,223,008  
Services       78,973       72,060         302,473       265,266  
Net Revenue     $ 440,610     $ 387,389       $ 1,752,409     $ 1,488,274  
                                     
Line of Business - Net Cost of Revenue:                                    
Materials                                    
Aggregates     $ 22,729     $ 23,036       $ 108,729     $ 100,480  
Cement       31,659       33,333         139,058       123,164  
Products       164,736       133,895         644,010       519,439  
Total Materials and Products       219,124       190,264         891,797       743,083  
Services       50,218       48,196         209,814       190,920  
Net Cost of Revenue     $ 269,342     $ 238,460       $ 1,101,611     $ 934,003  
                                     
Line of Business - Adjusted Cash Gross Profit (2):                                    
Materials                                    
Aggregates     $ 54,217     $ 40,356       $ 204,654     $ 164,129  
Cement (3)       37,139       37,358         142,983       127,185  
Products       51,157       47,351         210,502       188,611  
Total Materials and Products       142,513       125,065         558,139       479,925  
Services       28,755       23,864         92,659       74,346  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit     $ 171,268     $ 148,929       $ 650,798     $ 554,271  
                                     
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin (2)                                    
Materials                                    
Aggregates       70.5 %     63.7 %       65.3 %     62.0 %
Cement (3)       49.9 %     47.9 %       47.1 %     45.2 %
Products       23.7 %     26.1 %       24.6 %     26.6 %
Services       36.4 %     33.1 %       30.6 %     28.0 %
Total Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin       38.9 %     38.4 %       37.1 %     37.2 %
                                     
                                     
 

________________________

(1)   Net revenue for the cement line of business excludes revenue associated with hazardous and non-hazardous waste, which is processed into fuel and used in the cement plants and is included in services net revenue. Additionally, net revenue from cement swaps and other cement-related products are included in products net revenue.
(2)   Previously, we presented gross profit as a non- GAAP metric. We have renamed that metric adjusted cash gross profit to be more descriptive of the calculation. Adjusted cash gross profit calculated as net revenue by line of business less net cost of revenue by line of business. Adjusted cash gross profit margin is defined as adjusted cash gross profit divided by net revenue.
(3)   The cement adjusted cash gross profit includes the earnings from the waste processing operations, cement swaps and other products. Cement line of business adjusted cash gross profit margin is defined as cement adjusted cash gross profit divided by cement segment net revenue.
     
     
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Volume and Price Statistics

(Units in thousands)

 
      Three months ended   Year ended
Total Volume     December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016   December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Aggregates (tons)       10,465       8,790       41,712       36,092  
Cement (tons)       622       658       2,547       2,357  
Ready-mix concrete (cubic yards)       1,216       1,025       4,680       3,823  
Asphalt (tons)       1,259       1,090       5,263       4,359  
                                   
      Three months ended   Year ended
Pricing     December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016   December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Aggregates (per ton)     $ 9.76     $ 9.67     $ 9.97     $ 9.85  
Cement (per ton)       112.32       109.57       112.42       108.63  
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards)       107.48       104.44       105.37       103.74  
Asphalt (per ton)       53.04       52.06       54.19       54.74  
                                   
Year over Year Comparison     Volume   Pricing   Volume   Pricing
Aggregates (per ton)       19.1 %     0.9 %     15.6 %     1.2 %
Cement (per ton)       (5.5) %     2.5 %     8.1 %     3.5 %
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards)       18.6 %     2.9 %     22.4 %     1.6 %
Asphalt (per ton)       15.5 %     1.9 %     20.7 %     (1.0) %
                                   
Year over Year Comparison (Excluding acquisitions)     Volume   Pricing   Volume   Pricing
Aggregates (per ton)       3.5 %     0.0 %     3.4 %     (0.1) %
Cement (per ton)       (5.5) %     2.5 %     5.8 %     3.3 %
Ready-mix concrete (per cubic yards)       (5.5) %     1.8 %     (2.3) %     0.5 %
Asphalt (per ton)       7.6 %     1.7 %     10.9 %     (0.9) %
                                   
                                   
 
SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Unaudited Reconciliations of Gross Revenue to Net Revenue by Line of Business

($ and Units in thousands, except pricing information)

 
      Three months ended December 30, 2017
                Gross Revenue   Intercompany   Net
      Volumes   Pricing   by Product   Elimination/Delivery   Revenue
Aggregates     10,465   $ 9.76   $ 102,187   $ (25,241 )   $ 76,946
Cement     622     112.32     69,848     (1,050 )     68,798
Materials               $ 172,035   $ (26,291 )   $ 145,744
Ready-mix concrete     1,216     107.48     130,740     (262 )     130,478
Asphalt     1,259     53.04     66,798     (79 )     66,719
Other Products                 82,201     (63,505 )     18,696
Products               $ 279,739   $ (63,846 )   $ 215,893
 
 
      Year ended December 30, 2017
                Gross Revenue   Intercompany   Net
      Volumes   Pricing   by Product   Elimination/Delivery   Revenue
Aggregates     41,712   $ 9.97   $ 415,873   $ (102,490 )   $ 313,383
Cement     2,547     112.42     286,360     (4,319 )     282,041
Materials               $ 702,233   $ (106,809 )   $ 595,424
Ready-mix concrete     4,680     105.37     493,089     (787 )     492,302
Asphalt     5,263     54.19     285,201     (425 )     284,776
Other Products                 345,159     (267,725 )     77,434
Products               $ 1,123,449   $ (268,937 )   $ 854,512
                                 
                                 
 

SUMMIT MATERIALS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Unaudited Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

The tables below reconcile our net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA by segment for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA     Three months ended December 30, 2017
by Segment     West   East   Cement   Corporate   Consolidated
($ in thousands)                                
Net income (loss)     $ 28,048     $ 22,237     $ 27,171     $ (32,946 )   $ 44,510  
Interest expense (income)       1,338       579       (1,415 )     28,171       28,673  
Income tax expense (benefit)       486       (843 )           213,456       213,099  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization       19,110       17,093       8,405       661       45,269  
EBITDA     $ 48,982     $ 39,066     $ 34,161     $ 209,342     $ 331,551  
Accretion       215       220       58             493  
Loss on debt financings                         4,625       4,625  
Tax receivable agreement expense                         (232,261 )     (232,261 )
Transaction costs       (99 )                 1,358       1,259  
Non-cash compensation                         6,992       6,992  
Other       1,636       311             (395 )     1,552  
Adjusted EBITDA     $ 50,734     $ 39,597     $ 34,219     $ (10,339 )   $ 114,211  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1)       22.6 %     27.9 %     45.9 %           25.9 %
                                 
       
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA     Three months ended December 31, 2016
by Segment     West   East   Cement   Corporate   Consolidated
($ in thousands)                                
Net income (loss)     $ 18,335     $ 20,292     $ 25,885     $ (58,463 )   $ 6,049  
Interest expense (income)       2,108       (897 )     (581 )     24,439       25,069  
Income tax expense (benefit)       94       (2,156 )           4,676       2,614  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization       16,514       13,882       8,787       560       39,743  
EBITDA     $ 37,051     $ 31,121     $ 34,091     $ (28,788 )   $ 73,475  
Accretion       117       173       72             362  
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs                                
Tax receivable agreement expense                         14,938       14,938  
Transaction costs       (58 )                 1,565       1,507  
Management fees and expenses                         (1,379 )     (1,379 )
Non-cash compensation                         3,817       3,817  
Other       2,777       4,308             2,210       9,295  
Adjusted EBITDA     $ 39,887     $ 35,602     $ 34,163     $ (7,637 )   $ 102,015  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1)       22.4 %     27.1 %     43.8 %           26.3 %
 
                                 
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA     Year ended December 30, 2017
by Segment     West   East   Cement   Corporate   Consolidated
($ in thousands)                                
Net income (loss)     $ 121,390     $ 68,361     $ 92,956     $ (156,930 )   $ 125,777  
Interest expense (income)       6,924       3,082       (3,760 )     102,303       108,549  
Income tax expense (benefit)       1,910       (864 )           (285,023 )     (283,977 )
Depreciation, depletion and amortization       70,499       66,436       38,107       2,601       177,643  
EBITDA     $ 200,723     $ 137,015     $ 127,303     $ (337,049 )   $ 127,992  
Accretion       815       816       244             1,875  
Loss on debt financings                         4,815       4,815  
Tax receivable agreement expense                         271,016       271,016  
Transaction costs       (76 )                 7,809       7,733  
Non-cash compensation                         21,140       21,140  
Other       2,128       1,277             (2,199 )     1,206  
Adjusted EBITDA     $ 203,590     $ 139,108     $ 127,547     $ (34,468 )   $ 435,777  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1)       22.6 %     25.4 %     42.0 %           24.9 %
                                 
       
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA     Year ended December 31, 2016
by Segment     West   East   Cement   Corporate   Consolidated
($ in thousands)                                
Net income (loss)     $ 86,040     $ 66,661     $ 79,280     $ (185,855 )   $ 46,126  
Interest expense       9,195       4,930       2,741       80,670       97,536  
Income tax expense (benefit)       269       (2,156 )           (3,412 )     (5,299 )
Depreciation, depletion and amortization       64,558       50,866       29,903       2,409       147,736  
EBITDA     $ 160,062     $ 120,301     $ 111,924     $ (106,188 )   $ 286,099  
Accretion       787       674       103             1,564  
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs                         37,257       37,257  
Tax receivable agreement expense                         14,938       14,938  
Transaction costs       382       25             6,390       6,797  
Management fees and expenses                         (1,379 )     (1,379 )
Non-cash compensation                         12,683       12,683  
Other       6,203       5,007       964       1,214       13,388  
Adjusted EBITDA     $ 167,434     $ 126,007     $ 112,991     $ (35,085 )   $ 371,347  
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (1)       22.7 %     26.8 %     40.2 %           25.0 %
 

________________________

(1)   Adjusted EBITDA Margin is defined as Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of net revenue.
     
     
 

The table below reconciles our net income per share attributable to Summit Materials, Inc. to adjusted diluted net income per share for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The per share amount of the net income attributable to Summit Materials, Inc. presented in the table is calculated using the total equity interests for the purpose of reconciling to adjusted diluted net income per share.

      Three months ended   Year ended
      December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016   December 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Reconciliation of Net Income Per Share to Adjusted Diluted EPS    

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

 

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

 

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

 

Net
Income

 

Per Equity
Unit

Net income (loss) attributable to Summit Materials, Inc.     $ 43,010     $ 0.38     $ (290 )   $   $ 121,830     $ 1.08     $ 36,783   $ 0.36
Adjustments:                                                  
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest       1,500       0.01       6,380       0.06     3,974       0.04       9,327     0.09
IPO/ Legacy equity modification costs                                         37,257     0.36
Loss on debt financings       4,625       0.04                 4,815       0.04          
Adjusted diluted net income before tax related adjustments       49,135       0.43       6,090       0.06     130,619       1.16       83,367     0.81
Tax receivable agreement (benefit) expense       (232,261 )     (2.04 )     14,938       0.15     271,016       2.40       14,938     0.15
Valuation allowance release                             (531,952 )     (4.70 )        
Change in Federal statutory tax rates       235,253       2.07                 235,253       2.07          
Adjusted diluted net income     $ 52,127     $ 0.46     $ 21,028     $ 0.21   $ 104,936     $ 0.93     $ 98,305   $ 0.96
Weighted-average shares:                                                  
Basic Class A common stock       110,128,357             88,797,701             108,696,438             70,355,042      
LP Units outstanding       3,803,892             13,900,060             4,371,705             32,327,907      
Total equity units       113,932,249             102,697,761             113,068,143             102,682,949      
                                                         
                                                         
 

The following table reconciles operating income to Adjusted Cash Gross Profit and Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

      Three months ended   Year ended
      December 30,   December 31,   December 30,   December 31,
Reconciliation of Operating Income to Adjusted Cash Gross Profit     2017   2016   2017   2016
($ in thousands)                                  
Operating income     $ 57,306     $ 48,761     $ 220,877     $ 154,662  
General and administrative expenses       66,941       58,556       242,670       243,512  
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion       45,762       40,105       179,518       149,300  
Transaction costs       1,259       1,507       7,733       6,797  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit (exclusive of items shown separately)     $ 171,268     $ 148,929     $ 650,798     $ 554,271  
Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin (exclusive of items shown separately) (1)       38.9 %     38.4 %     37.1 %     37.2 %
 

________________________

(1)   Adjusted Cash Gross Profit Margin is defined as Adjusted Cash Gross Profit as a percentage of net revenue.
     
     
 

The following table reconciles net cash used for operating activities to free cash flow for the three months and years ended December 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

      Three months ended   Year ended
      December 30,   December 31,   December 30,   December 31,
      2017   2016   2017   2016
Net income     $ 44,510     $ 6,049     $ 125,777     $ 46,126  
Non-cash items       269,771       53,586       (81,113 )     201,926  
Net income adjusted for non-cash items       314,281       59,635       44,664       248,052  
Change in working capital accounts       (154,531 )     100,705       247,519       (3,189 )
Net cash provided by operating activities       159,750       160,340       292,183       244,863  
Capital expenditures, net of asset sales       (42,886 )     (30,892 )     (177,074 )     (136,615 )
Free cash flow     $ 116,864     $ 129,448     $ 115,109     $ 108,248  
 

 

Contacts

Mr. Noel Ryan
Vice President, Investor Relations
Summit Materials, Inc.
noel.ryan@summit-materials.com